Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal

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MATERIALS AND METHODS

A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in eight clinical departments of University of Dental Medicine, Yangon  as follows: Department of Oral and Maxillo- facial Surgery, Oral Medicine, Conservative Dentistry, Periodontology, Prosthodontics, Pediatric Dentistry, Orthodontics, Preventive and Community Dentistry during 2018.
A self-administered structured questionnaire with close-ended questions was used to collect data regarding knowledge and attitude of dental students towards teledentistry. The participants for this study were 228 undergraduate dental students (third, fourth and final year) who are studying at the different clinical departments of UDMY.
A study group of participants was selected by simple random sampling method. The questionnaires were designed in English, adapted and modified from Singh and Suma.9 These questionnaires were divided into three main parts. The first part contained questions related to the socio-demographic data such as age, gender, educational level and hours of internet usage. The second part was designed to measure knowledge regarding the teledentistry (8 items). The third part was designed to measure attitude of dental students towards teledentistry (8 items). Each questionnaire was set with a 3-point Likert response scale ranging from 3 (Agree), 2 (Neutral) and 1 (Disagree). These questionnaires were validated and pretested prior to data collection.

Statistical analysis

The recoded data were compiled, encoded, entered into SPSS 20.0 software and analyzed. The mean, standard deviation and the range for the overall sample for knowledge and attitude were calculated. Further the raw scores for knowledge and attitude were converted to percentage. Knowledge score above the mean is assumed as good knowledge level and below mean is assumed as the poor knowledge level. Attitude score above mean is assumed as good attitude level and below mean is assumed as the poor attitude level. Level of significance was fixed at p<0.05. Frequencies, means and standard deviations as part of descriptive statistics were used to describe the data. Chi-square test was performed to assess whether the knowledge and attitude vary according to socio-demographic characteristics and level of  education  of students towards teledentistry.

Ethical consideration

This study was approved by Research Ethical Review Committee of the University of Dental Medicine, Yangon.

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